Four Hours of Fury

The Untold Story of World War II’s Largest Airborne Invasion and The Final Push into Nazi Germany

Four Hour of Fury’s epic narrative follows the American 17th Airborne Division as they survive a bloody tune-up in the Battle of the Bulge and then prepare for Operation Varsity, an airdrop that rivaled Normandy’s in scale and complexity.  Indeed, the planning was so massive that the element of surprise was lost—which meant that thousands of the Third Reich’s soldiers were ready and waiting for the Allied paratroopers and glider riders when they flew over the Rhine River for their drop.

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Operation VARSITY

To learn more about Four Hours of Fury, watch this short video that provides an overview of the book’s narrative and the epic events that took place on March 24, 1945 when the Allies crossed the Rhine River.

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1945 News Reel

This short video provides an overview of the book’s narrative and the epic events that took place on March 24, 1945.

Praise for the Book

These authors were kind enough to offer their reviews of the book.

“In an era in which there is no shortage of books recounting military exploits, Four Hours of Fury stands out as among the best. James Fenelon’s analysis and description of Operation VARSITY—the largest single-day airborne drop in history—is exceptional. He examines all of the battle’s various aspects: from Allied and German High Command strategy conferences, to the logistics of dropping tens of thousands of soldiers behind enemy lines, to the experiences of the paratroopers and glider soldiers in the air and on the ground… An extraordinary story well told.”
— Peter R. Mansor, author of The GI Offensive in Europe: The Triumph of American Infantry Divisions, 1941–1945

“Fenelon has fashioned a mirror of hell…Four Hours of Fury helps us see deeply into this little known but critical fight to the death that led to an Allied breakout after D-Day. It’s a must read for anyone interested in the many forms heroism can take.”
— Winston Groom, author of Forrest Gump, The Aviators, and The Generals

“Masterfully researched and written with a novelist’s eye for detail, Four Hours of Fury hurls readers into the heart of one of World War II’s most ferocious fights. . . . Readers will feel the buzz of bullets overhead, smell the vomit in the back of cramped plywood gliders, and duck as the enemy’s artillery thunders. [This] is one helluva combat story.”
— James M. Scott, author of Target Tokyo and Rampage

“Compellingly chronicles one of the least studied great episodes of World War II with power and authority….A riveting read [that] adds immensely to our understanding of the war’s largest airdrop.”
— Donald L. Miller, author of Masters of the Air: America’s Bomber Boys Who Fought the Air War Against Nazi Germany 

“Diving into Four Hours of Fury is like opening the jump door on a C-46 transport high over Germany in March of 1945. You’re an Allied paratrooper and the Rhine is fast approaching. Waiting are 55,000 Wehrmacht soldiers anxious to make sure you don’t finish the day alive. Your orders are stark: Keep taking ground! A former US Army paratrooper, James Fenelon brings this story of the war’s largest airborne assault to life as only he can, using the voices of the men who were there to deliver heart-pounding realism. The book is a gripping reminder that the crash of war is at its most deafening just before the end.”
— Adam Makos, author of Spearhead: An American Tank Gunner, His Enemy, and a Collision of Lives in World War II

Major Figures

These are just a few of the heroes of Operation VARSITY feature in Four Hours of Fury.

Helmut Steltermann


Specialist First Class Helmut Steltermann: An American of German descent, Steltermann volunteered to join the OSS; a veteran of several behind-the-lines missions, he and a fellow agent will land with the spearhead element disguised in Nazi uniforms in order to conduct their reconnaissance mission.

William Miley


Major-General William ‘Bud’ Miley: The quiet commander of the 17th Airborne leads by example; an experienced paratrooper who commanded the Army’s first airborne battalion in 1941, he now prepares to lead his division in its first airborne assault.

Edson Raff


The divisive commander of the Ruffians—known by his knick-name “Little Caesar”—is an experienced combat officer having led America’s first parachute assault into North Africa; now he will lead his men into Germany by jumping from the first aircraft across the Rhine.

John Chester


Sergeant John Chester: A swaggering paratrooper and section chief in the 466th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion; Chester is the twenty-four-year-old son of a depression-era farmer. Obsessive in his pursuit of training, he relentlessly prepares his gun crew for their next mission.

Frank Dillon


Second-Lieutenant Frank Dillon: A platoon leader in the 194th Glider Infantry Regiment; Dillon is a twenty-four-year-old forestry major from Ohio who arrived in England just in time to participate in the Battle of the Bulge during which the Germans whittled his forty-man platoon down to just twelve.

Photos from Operation Varsity
Author Q & A

Question: What inspired you to write the book?

James: After leaving the military in 1999 and being subsequently inspired by the dearth of public information about Operation Varsity, I started a multi-year quest to document the experiences of the 17th Airborne Division. I spent the next decade interviewing dozens of Varsity veterans and scouring for period documents in the US National Archives, the Army Historical Institute, the Silent Wings Glider Pilot museum, the National Archives of the United Kingdom, and the Imperial War Museum.

What I gained from all that research was the material needed to tell the story of Operation Varsity from the most compelling perspective, that of the average Joe: the guy crammed into the back of a C-47 or throwing up in the bouncing cargo-hold of a canvas-covered glider. These were the guys that ultimately brought the Third Reich to its knees and all too often paid with their lives. It’s their story that needs to be told so that through the lens of their sacrifice we are reminded of the true cost of freedom.

Question: Could you tell us where the book picks up and what is covered?

 James: Four Hours of Fury begins with the American 17th Airborne Division withdrawing from combat in Belgium after several weeks of heavy fighting. They had their baptism of fire in Battle of the Bulge are were pulled back to rest camps in France in order to recover and integrate replacements to make up for their 4,000 casualties. In the spring of 1945 the Allies were closing in on Germany, with the last great obstacle being the 400 yard-wide Rhine River. The Americans had crossed it on the fly at Remagen, but the main Allied effort was to be led by the British Field Marshal Montgomery near Wesel.

The book’s narrative recounts the experiences of the 17th Airborne troopers as they train and prepare for their drop into Germany—the largest single-day airborne operation of the war. Their preparations are juxtaposed against those of the Germans, who through their reconnaissance efforts are aware the Allies will use paratroopers and glider infantry as part of their assault crossing. Through effective radio propaganda, the Germans make it known to the Allies that they are expecting them.

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